tree

Japanese Black Pine

Pinus thunbergii

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Japanese Black Pine (Pinus thunbergii) at Calloway's Nursery

Pinus thunbergii

Pinus thunbergii

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Height:  40 feet

Spread:  40 feet

Sunlight:  full sun 

Hardiness Zone:  6

Description:

A rugged character tree, this pine is dashingly picturesque with an open, irregular habit of growth when mature; very tolerant of salt, makes a most distinguished accent tree if you're willing to wait for it to develop its character

Ornamental Features

Japanese Black Pine has dark green foliage. The needles remain dark green throughout the winter. Neither the flowers nor the fruit are ornamentally significant. The shaggy dark brown bark adds an interesting dimension to the landscape.

Landscape Attributes

Japanese Black Pine is a dense evergreen tree with a strong central leader and a more or less rounded form. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition.

This tree will require occasional maintenance and upkeep. When pruning is necessary, it is recommended to only trim back the new growth of the current season, other than to remove any dieback. Gardeners should be aware of the following characteristic(s) that may warrant special consideration;

  • Disease

Japanese Black Pine is recommended for the following landscape applications;

  • Accent
  • Shade
  • Windbreaks and Shelterbelts

Planting & Growing

Japanese Black Pine will grow to be about 40 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 40 feet. It has a low canopy with a typical clearance of 3 feet from the ground, and should not be planted underneath power lines. It grows at a medium rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 80 years or more.

This tree should only be grown in full sunlight. It prefers dry to average moisture levels with very well-drained soil, and will often die in standing water. It is not particular as to soil type or pH, and is able to handle environmental salt. It is highly tolerant of urban pollution and will even thrive in inner city environments. This species is not originally from North America.

 
 
Hardiness Zone Plant Height Minimum Sunlight
Characteristics
Accent  Shade  Windbreak 
Applications
Plant Form  Bark  Winter Value 
Ornamental Features

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